The National Identification Authority (NIA) was set up in 2003 under the Office of the President with the mandate to issue national ID cards and manage the National Identification System (NIS). This resulted in the passing of the NIA Act, 2006 (Act 707) to give it the necessary legal premises on which to operate. The National Identity Register Act, 2008 (Act 750) was also passed to give authorisation for collection of personal and biometric data and to ensure the protection of privacy and personal information of enrollees.
The full mandate of the NIA therefore includes the establishment of a national data centre so as to manage a national database, as well as to set up a system to collect, process, store, retrieve and disseminate personal data on the population (Ghanaian citizens – both resident and non-resident, and legally and permanently resident foreign nationals), ensure the accuracy, integrity and security of such data, and to issue and promote the use of national identity cards in Ghana.
The Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), the core platform technology for the NIS, will enable accurate and prompt fingerprint matching with real-time accessibility when completed. The AFIS boasts world-class fingerprint identification accuracy of at least 99.9% and exceptional performance in terms of system processing speed.
All in all, the NIA seeks to facilitate the integration of all public sector/ civil operation, law enforcement, corporate and business applications/systems to the NIS, and the provision of general identification services. The setting up of the NIS is in response to providing up-to-date data that will facilitate the nation’s development agenda.